Stone Money Rewrite–ilovenas

After reading Island of Stone Money by Milton Friedman, I started to think about the actual real meaning of money. All these different thoughts started to surface in my head, for example, I asked myself if someone can actually be rich if they are not able to physically have their money on hand whenever they want. If one is not in control of all of their money at all times, how does it belong to them? Theses banks hold onto your money Personally, I believe being rich and wealthy is a status or lifestyle.

The government of Brazil using the concept of fake money to help the country out of poverty was very deceitful, and although it worked, it goes to show that we the people really have no control over anything. This connects with the article, Money Matters by Teresa Murray, the article touches base on an interview with a man who was denied the access to withdraw his own money for weeks. I think the fact that a man that worked hard throughout his whole life not being able to withdraw $600,000 from his account without a two-week notice is sickening, and adds to my point that money is a concept of our imagination. Although some may argue that trusting banks with our money “demonstrates that we pledge our money for a time, or that we agree to terms with a bank that we have entrusted to keep our money safe” and that having these guidelines with banks means “we have traded away convenience for protection”, I ask that they look at it in the perspective of paying rent to a landlord. Every month you people pay a certain amount of money depending on each bank in order for the bank to hold an protect their money, just as people pay rent for a home to hold their belongings and offer protection in a house that is not fully theirs. Many landlords have rules and guideline like banks, whether it is no pets to no visitors staying for long periods of time. Tenants, like us bankers are never fully in control.

Although I believe Banks are always in control of our money and we lack the ultimate freedom with our hard earned money, when it comes down to it money is only an object. Whether it be an enormous stone or pieces of paper, the only value money has is the value we claim it to have. It is simply a tool to keep us mentally enslaved and materialistic.

Works Cited

Friedman, Milton. “The Island of Stone Money.” Diss. Hoover Institution, Stanford University , 1991.

Joffe-Walt, Chana .

“How Fake Money Saved Brazil.” 4 Oct. 2010. 30 Jan. 2015. <;.

“Current FAQsInforming the Public about the Federal Reserve.” FRB: Is U.S. Currency Still Backed by Gold? N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2015

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Stone Money Rewrite—vicarij0

Stone money is a large circular stone disk that was cut out of limestone. The stones they used were from Palau and were transported to the island of Yap. The Yap use these great stones as a sign of currency. Some stones were to large to move, so if an item or items were purchased with one of the stones then the owner of the new stones would have the stone sit on the previous owners yard.The largest stone ever recorded was 12 feet in diameter and 1.5 feet thick and weighed 8,800 pounds! Everyone on the island new though that that stone now belonged to the new owner even though it still sat on the original owners lawn. If someone dies while the stone is being transported or a famous sailer brought the stone in, the stones value will increase. The earliest limestone that has thought to have been mined dates back to 500 CE, however widespread mining began between 1000 – 1400 CE. The Yapese discovered the rock on Palau abut 500- 600 years ago. Limestone was nonexistent in Yap so to them limestone was our gold. They have found flat stones that date up to 2000 years old, so one could only guess this has been tradistion for a long time.

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White Paper—vicarij0

Opening 1:

The debate on whether a man or woman has the right to decide whether or not they want to end their lives has become more popular in the past few years. Recently states have been legalizing the right to be able to allow the physician to assist in the death of the person in critical condition. I, for one, strongly believe that an individual should have the right whether or not they can stay on this Earth. A kind of decision like that should be one that is completely up to that person. The person that is extremely ill didn’t choose to be put in the position they are in. Someone who is diagnosed as fatally ill should have every right to be able to end their life to keep the pain as minimal as possible for themselves, family, and friends.

Opening 2:

Men and woman have been fighting for there right for life since life has been forged. Now a days, people get diagnosed with terrible life ending diseases that will eventually terminate their existence. However, it is illegal in pst states for a physician to assist in their patients death even though the paint is terminally ill and wants to be put out of their pain and suffering. I for one believe that people have the right to end their lives if they ply have a few months to live. Oregon is one of the few states who do have this law legalized for the assisted death.

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Definition Rewrite—vicarij0

Death with Dignity

What exactly is “death with dignity”? “Death with dignity” can be defined as the philosophical concept that a terminally ill patient should be allowed to die naturally and comfortably, rather than experience a comatose, vegetative life prolonged by mechanical support systems. Dignity is associated with worth or self esteem and is something that can be taken away. After being diagnosed as terminally ill, slowly being stripped of all time and independence the patient once had can really take a toll on them. When the patient has no control over what is happening to them or how they are going to die, their self-esteem and worth is slowly being taken from them. The term “death with dignity” gives the patient a chance to take death as it is and in a comfortable way for them, instead of their life being ripped away from them at any given moment.

Ann Mathiews, a hospice nurse, explains her opinion on the Death with Dignity Act as she experiences it first hand. Her job entails doing whatever she can possibly do to keep the patient alive. She talks about one specific patient that she resuscitated twenty-nine times until she asked herself, “What am I trying to accomplish here?” She then said, “When the monitors, ventilators, catheters, and balloon pumps were removed, the nurse in me helped to restore dignity and to facilitate the families’ grieving. The patient became a person.” A patient should always be seen as an actual person that has pain and suffering. “Death with dignity” entails that a patient can die comfortably, rather than experience a bed-ridden life prolonged by mechanical support systems. That is not the case when a patient is brought back to life twenty-nine times.

Another hospice nurse, Amy Getter states “My hope for every patient I encounter: they will be able to die with dignity, with grace and minimal suffering, the way they choose to go, surrounded with loved ones.” Death doesn’t just happen like this picture perfect scenario. However, the Death with Dignity Act allows patients to overcome their fears and suffering at the end of their life. This gives the patient a great sense of empowerment, despite the fact that they are lying helplessly on a hospital bed. The decision to end their own life is something that they actually can control. This gives them a sense of dignity because they are choosing to end their life instead of anxiously waiting for their life to be taken from them.

A study conducted by Elizabeth Goy and Linda Ganzini surveyed 100 from Oregon who chose to use physician-assisted suicide, why they chose to end their life. According this study by Goy and Ganzini, the most popular reasons why a patient asks for physician-assisted suicide were, “wanting to control the circumstances of death and die at home, worries about loss of dignity and future losses of independence, quality of life, and self-care ability.” Although only one reason specifically states a worry of loss of dignity, all of them have to do with losing your dignity. Each reason could ruin the patient’s self esteem or worth if their request of physician-assisted suicide is not granted. These patients didn’t choose to be diagnosed as terminally ill and by letting their disease take over them, they are letting it strip them of their dignity. Choosing physician-assisted suicide gives them some type of control and some type of self worth.

This visual shows the same survey with more specific results. As you can see, 81% of people said that loss of dignity is why patients seek physician-assisted suicide. It’s not enjoyable for anyone to suddenly start being able to engage in fewer activities, lose body functions, or become a burden on friends, family, or caregivers. This can certainly ware on a patient and how they feel about themselves. Although they may be cared for in the best way possible, that will not change the deterioration of their quality of life. If a person who has been independent their whole life is suddenly diagnosed with a disease that takes that away from them, no amount of comfort from their family, friends, or physicians is going to change their fate. In a bizarre way, physician-assisted suicide can restore their dignity by giving the patient something that they can control. They can choose whether they want to continue to be strong and anxiously wait for their disease to take over their lives or to simply end the pain and suffering.

“Death with dignity” can be defined in many ways, but in my opinion it is a term that provide options for the dying to control their own end-of-life care. Having no say or control over what is happening to them or how they are going to die can deteriorate their self-esteem and worth. The term “death with dignity” gives the patient a chance to take death as it is and in a comfortable way for them.

Works Cited

Getter, Amy. “Death With Dignity: An Individual’s Choice.” Journal Of Palliative

Medicine 16.10 (2013): 1304-1305. Academic Search Premier. Web. 30 Mar. 2015.

Goy, Elizabeth R., Linda Ganzini, and Steven K. Dobscha. “Why Oregon Patients

Request Assisted Death: Family Members’ Views.” Journal of General Internal Medicine 23.2 (2008): 154-7. ProQuest. Web. 1 Apr. 2015.

Mathiews, Ann Kimberlin. “Death With Dignity.” Creative Nursing 16.4 (2010): 185-

Academic Search Premier. Web. 30 Mar. 2015.
Sanburn, Josh. “Brittany Maynard Could Revive the Stalled ‘Death with Dignity’

Movement.” Times Magazine 1 Nov. 2014. Web.

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Annotated Bibliography–ilovenas

  1.   Ross, Carolyn C. “Why Do Women Hate Their Bodies?” World of Psychology. PsychCentral, 2 June 2012. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Background: This link sends you to an article that addresses the evolution of the ideal body of a women. In the earlier 1900’s full figured women like Marilyn Monroe were considered to be the world’s ideal woman. The basis of this article is to show the change in the media and fashion industry, and how it affected young girls and teens growing up

How I use it: I used the statistics provided to support my rebuttal argument against my thesis. I showed how many young girls who are of average weight believe they are overweight due to the unrealistic bodies that are shown in the media. What these young girls fail to realize is that these magazine use photoshop when editing their photos of these “ideal” women.

2.  “Body Image Men.” RSS 20. Mirror-mirror Org., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015

Background: This article touches base on How male body image is developed, Problems men have with their body image, and how to address the issue. A survey conducted by Psychology Today found that men believe their appearance is much more important to women then women report it is; for instance, men believe if they lose their hair women will not want to date them, even though many women say they are willing to date bald men.

How I used it: I connected it to my thesis, speaking on the use of steroids to promote more muscle in order to feel more attractive to women. Many men feel like a muscular build is what defines their manly hood.

3. Dixon, Patrick. “Steroids – The Truth about Steroids.” Steroids – The Truth about Steroids. Global Change Ltd., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Background: This article speaks on why steroids are so dangerous, what they are medically used for, how and why they are abused, as well as the effects steroids have on the brain. They also show statistics on how many men abuse steroids at a young age.

How I use it: When creating my Causal Argument to support my thesis that poor body image is more psychologically damaging to men rather than women. Men usually turn to steroids in hopes of getting that stronger build they yearn for, without realizing the psychological effects of steroids. Steroids cause paranoia, mood swings, and rage. Those three factors excluding the fact they have an increased and large amount of strength make them a flight risk.

4. Grace, Francie. “Cops: Pro Wrestler Killed Family, Self.” CBSNews. CBS Interactive, 26 June 2007. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Background: Wrestler from WWE, Chris Benoit, killed his wife, son and himself. After cops found the families’ bodies they found Chris’s steroids. They believe that is what sent him over the edge.

How I used It: I used it as support on my point that steroids are dangerous and men who use them because of their body image issues are being even more psychologically damaged than women. Not only do they have this disease of poor body image but their brains are being chemically altered by the same thing they used in hopes of gaining the happiness with themselves.

5. Bennington, Vanessa. “Male Body Image and the Pressure to Use Steroids.Http:// Breaking Muscle Manifesto, n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Background: Coach and Trainer Vanessa Bennington uses this article to showcase the men who opened up to her about their body image issues. With their permission of course, she takes us through their stories and what led them to the decision to use steroids. Most of them were athletes of some sorts that constantly compared themselves to the bigger men around them.

How I used It: Although I didn’t use any of stories for my Research Position, I found this article helpful just because of the overall incite  of it. I found more cases of men with poor body image in this article than I did when searching through google.

6. “What Are the Possible Side Effects of Oral Steroids? – Steroids to Treat Arthritis: Side Effects of This Treatment.” MedicineNet. WebMD, n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2015.

Background: This article also touches base on the horrible side effects of steroids. It talks about the differences between oral and injected steroids.

How I used it: When creating my Causal Argument to support my thesis that poor body image is more psychologically damaging to men rather than women. Men usually turn to steroids in hopes of getting that stronger build they yearn for, without realizing the psychological effects of steroids. Steroids cause paranoia, mood swings, and rage. Those three factors excluding the fact they have an increased and large amount of strength make them a flight risk.

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Research Position–ilovenas

From Vogue Magazine, Sports Illustrated to Fitness Magazines, the media captures what they define as beauty or attractive. It’s no secret people tend to idolize these people who are shown in the media. We’ve all been there, seen someone attractive and wondered,” Why can’t I look like that?” But there comes a point where one grows up and accepts the skin they’re in. For some people, it’s just not that easy and they continue to deal with poor body image. Although women’s body image issues are typically discussed more often and accepted more than Men. Society’s view of the ideal body is more psychologically and mentally damaging to men than to women.

Women body image has been a controversy that’s been discussed in the media for years. Many people have lost sight on the fact that a lot of men have problems accepting their appearance due to the standards set through the media as well. Body image is the way one see’s and appreciates their body and appearance. Although it is more common, body image issues are not limited to only women, they’re just usually more willing to acknowledge and speak upon it than Men.

Men are usually raised and taught by society, what I like to call the “ Man up factor”, where they hold back on speaking on their emotions and insecurities. Whereas women are taught to be gentle and more in tune with their emotions. One big difference in Body image between the two genders, most women tend to want to be slimmer, where men tend to want more muscles. Young males growing up who are interested in these fitness magazines start developing the mentality that that’s what a man is suppose to look like, this big hunky “superman”. This mentality becomes an obsession, and in tons of cases becomes very dangerous.

Men, just like women try to think of fast ways that help them attain the body they would like. Women usually turning to dieting or binge eating, men turn to steroids. Although Steroids help, many young men are blind to the fact of there numerous side effects, just to name a few; the weakening of bones and ligaments, acne, high blood pressure, Insomnia, and mood swings.

The key to having a positive body image is being happy with yourself. If someone is not happy with themselves, it is scary the types of measures they’ll take in order to get to this unattainable goal they’ve set. Truth is, if someone has Body image issues whether they’re a man or woman, they will never truly be happy until they learn to accept themselves. Now there’s nothing wrong with one wanting to be a healthier version of them, as long as the measures being taken to obtain that goal is healthy also.

Body image issues in males can be more psychologically and mentally damaging than women for a couple of reasons. As included before, many men turn to steroids in hopes to gain more muscle. One big side effect of these drugs is increased aggression and mood swings, as well as insomnia. Taking into consideration those three things, Men who take steroids become and different person, the drugs themselves are a cause of the damaged psyche, causing these men to act erratically and become a risk to not only themselves, but the people around them.

In “ The Truth About Steroids”, Patrick Dixon writes, “Steroids also affect the brain, and high doses can make people feel happy, euphoric, hyped-up, with disturbance of sleep and even serious psychiatric illness such as mania, very aggressive behavior and psychosis (delusions, paranoia, loss of touch with reality). “ Let’s take a look at a more specific example, everyone has heard of the popular wrestling group WWE, well one of their very own members had a horrible outcome because of Steroids. Chris Benoit strangled his wife and son, before hanging himself. After the autopsy, it was clear the wrestler had been using the drug in order to build and maintain his muscle mass.

Another cause as to why this issue effects the male population more is because it honestly goes unnoticed. Many men don’t feel as comfortable as women, when it comes to expressing their dissatisfaction of their bodies. Men are told being a man is to never show a sign of weakness, therefore a lot of me are reserved when speaking on such an emotion filled topic. Women find it easier to seek guidance from a therapist or counselor of some sort, therefore they have a release and/ or eye opener.

When it comes to men, because they find it harder to speak and open up to another person, they’re less likely to gain help on their body image issues. Which results to them taking extreme measure without anyone knowing. Maybe growing our men and women up equally and drilling it into their heads that it is okay to have feelings can make a difference. Especially for our men, it’s essential when raising their own sons to make them aware that the strongest thing they can do is be aware and accepting of themselves and their emotions.

It is likely that some may argue that Body image has affected women to a higher extent than men. Lets take it back in history, in the early 1900’s to mid 1950’s America was more accepting of full figured women, sex symbol Marilyn Monroe was seen as the ideal women and she was far from today’s “perfect body” expectations. In the late 1900’s is when you really started to see the media and the fashion industry showcase the “ thin boyish look” as the new ideal women. More full figured women vanished the runway and magazines, which later resulted in the epidemic of young teenage girls idolizing this look, which is impossible to obtain. Polls from the National Eating Disorder Association show that 42 percents of 1st -3rd grade girls want to lose weight, and 80% of 10 yr olds are afraid of being fat. According to Teen Magazine, “35 percent of girls ages 6 to 12 have been on at least one diet, and 50 to 70 percent of normal-weight girls think they are overweight.” These young girls grow an addiction and obsession with figuring out ways to get the body they want, from dieting and anorexia to plastic surgery.

The first step to getting over any obsession, addiction and even depression is acceptance! When you accept you have a problem it’s easier for you to open up about it and seek help. Try opening up Google and see how many articles come up on women body image issue verse men body image issues. There are most likely 100 to 1 articles, which right there proves my point. These women who have written or have had articles written about them, have realized and or accepted the fact that they have an issue with the way the see themselves. When it comes to men, they’re more reluctant to get medical help. Meaning they continue to deal with these issues in hiding, their anorexia, Bulimia, or Steroid use is going undetected.

Some will counteract my argument with the question “ well how can one help someone who doesn’t want or seek help?” That’s when I say LET THEM KNOW YOU CARE! Let these men know there are other young men out there dealing with the same issues. Let them know that it is okay to seek help. Let them be brave!

Works Cited

Ross, Carolyn C. “Why Do Women Hate Their Bodies?” World of Psychology. PsychCentral, 2 June 2012. Web. 09 Dec. 2015. 
“Body Image Men.” RSS 20. Mirror-mirror Org., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015
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Self Reflective Statement–ilovenas

Core Value I. My work demonstrates that I used a variety of social and interactive practices that involve recursive stages of exploration, discovery, conceptualization, and development.

I’d be lying if I said throughout the semester I used interactive practices help my development as a writer. Since I’m being honest this semester was one of my lowest points. I didn’t take my writing as serious as I should have. I didn’t even do it at all. Now I’m sitting here trying to piece together a portfolio of a semesters worth of work that I completed within the past few days. I can say that I wish I focused more throughout the semester and turned my assignments in on time, that way my Research Paper wouldn’t be so rushed. I can tell it has a lot of potential, I can tell I have a lot of potential, but better time management, focus, and motivation is all that is needed for it and I to grow.

Core Value II. My work demonstrates that I placed texts into conversation with one another to create meaning by synthesizing ideas from various discourse communities. 

I will say the one thing I am proud about in my Research paper is how well I connected my minor arguments into one. I feel each idea glided right into the next. One thing I realized after reading through it a few time is that it started becoming repetitive. So I started going through it and taking out some of the repetitiveness in order for the flow of my paper to sound a little more natural.

Core Value III. My work demonstrates that I rhetorically analyzed the purpose, audience, and contexts of my own writing and other texts and visual arguments.

Usually when I go through my paper I move at a fast pace. This causes me to overlook many errors, mostly small ones. Believe it or not, many of my past professors paid just as much attention to my mistakes I did. When getting my papers back I’d get maybe a three-sentenced response on why I deserved the grade I had received. Professor Hodges is the only professor I’ve seen so passionate about giving genuine responses to his students. With the few assignments that I really took the time to do, Professor Hodges gave me maybe a page response on how I could get my points across. For example, on my stone money assignment as well as my visual rhetoric essay. He expressed how vague I was being, and stressed the importance of details.

Core Value IV: My work demonstrates that I have met the expectations of academic writing by locating, evaluating, and incorporating illustrations and evidence to support my own ideas and interpretations.

Throughout my visual rhetoric I missed out on including many details, which made it very vague and honestly just overall horrible. Need less to say in my final Visual rhetoric, which is included in my portfolio I tried my best to match the expectations on the amount of detailed required in that assignment.

Core Value V. My work demonstrates that I respect my ethical responsibility to represent complex ideas fairly and to the sources of my information with appropriate citation. 

With each argument and assignment I was sure to include a MLA works cited page. Also, my annotated Bibliography includes all my sources used for every assignment, including the background information for it, and how I use it.

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