Definition Rewrite—vicarij0

Death with Dignity

What exactly is “death with dignity”? “Death with dignity” can be defined as the philosophical concept that a terminally ill patient should be allowed to die naturally and comfortably, rather than experience a comatose, vegetative life prolonged by mechanical support systems. Dignity is associated with worth or self esteem and is something that can be taken away. After being diagnosed as terminally ill, slowly being stripped of all time and independence the patient once had can really take a toll on them. When the patient has no control over what is happening to them or how they are going to die, their self-esteem and worth is slowly being taken from them. The term “death with dignity” gives the patient a chance to take death as it is and in a comfortable way for them, instead of their life being ripped away from them at any given moment.

Ann Mathiews, a hospice nurse, explains her opinion on the Death with Dignity Act as she experiences it first hand. Her job entails doing whatever she can possibly do to keep the patient alive. She talks about one specific patient that she resuscitated twenty-nine times until she asked herself, “What am I trying to accomplish here?” She then said, “When the monitors, ventilators, catheters, and balloon pumps were removed, the nurse in me helped to restore dignity and to facilitate the families’ grieving. The patient became a person.” A patient should always be seen as an actual person that has pain and suffering. “Death with dignity” entails that a patient can die comfortably, rather than experience a bed-ridden life prolonged by mechanical support systems. That is not the case when a patient is brought back to life twenty-nine times.

Another hospice nurse, Amy Getter states “My hope for every patient I encounter: they will be able to die with dignity, with grace and minimal suffering, the way they choose to go, surrounded with loved ones.” Death doesn’t just happen like this picture perfect scenario. However, the Death with Dignity Act allows patients to overcome their fears and suffering at the end of their life. This gives the patient a great sense of empowerment, despite the fact that they are lying helplessly on a hospital bed. The decision to end their own life is something that they actually can control. This gives them a sense of dignity because they are choosing to end their life instead of anxiously waiting for their life to be taken from them.

A study conducted by Elizabeth Goy and Linda Ganzini surveyed 100 from Oregon who chose to use physician-assisted suicide, why they chose to end their life. According this study by Goy and Ganzini, the most popular reasons why a patient asks for physician-assisted suicide were, “wanting to control the circumstances of death and die at home, worries about loss of dignity and future losses of independence, quality of life, and self-care ability.” Although only one reason specifically states a worry of loss of dignity, all of them have to do with losing your dignity. Each reason could ruin the patient’s self esteem or worth if their request of physician-assisted suicide is not granted. These patients didn’t choose to be diagnosed as terminally ill and by letting their disease take over them, they are letting it strip them of their dignity. Choosing physician-assisted suicide gives them some type of control and some type of self worth.

This visual shows the same survey with more specific results. As you can see, 81% of people said that loss of dignity is why patients seek physician-assisted suicide. It’s not enjoyable for anyone to suddenly start being able to engage in fewer activities, lose body functions, or become a burden on friends, family, or caregivers. This can certainly ware on a patient and how they feel about themselves. Although they may be cared for in the best way possible, that will not change the deterioration of their quality of life. If a person who has been independent their whole life is suddenly diagnosed with a disease that takes that away from them, no amount of comfort from their family, friends, or physicians is going to change their fate. In a bizarre way, physician-assisted suicide can restore their dignity by giving the patient something that they can control. They can choose whether they want to continue to be strong and anxiously wait for their disease to take over their lives or to simply end the pain and suffering.

“Death with dignity” can be defined in many ways, but in my opinion it is a term that provide options for the dying to control their own end-of-life care. Having no say or control over what is happening to them or how they are going to die can deteriorate their self-esteem and worth. The term “death with dignity” gives the patient a chance to take death as it is and in a comfortable way for them.

Works Cited

Getter, Amy. “Death With Dignity: An Individual’s Choice.” Journal Of Palliative

Medicine 16.10 (2013): 1304-1305. Academic Search Premier. Web. 30 Mar. 2015.

Goy, Elizabeth R., Linda Ganzini, and Steven K. Dobscha. “Why Oregon Patients

Request Assisted Death: Family Members’ Views.” Journal of General Internal Medicine 23.2 (2008): 154-7. ProQuest. Web. 1 Apr. 2015.

Mathiews, Ann Kimberlin. “Death With Dignity.” Creative Nursing 16.4 (2010): 185-

Academic Search Premier. Web. 30 Mar. 2015.
Sanburn, Josh. “Brittany Maynard Could Revive the Stalled ‘Death with Dignity’

Movement.” Times Magazine 1 Nov. 2014. Web.

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Annotated Bibliography–ilovenas

  1.   Ross, Carolyn C. “Why Do Women Hate Their Bodies?” World of Psychology. PsychCentral, 2 June 2012. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Background: This link sends you to an article that addresses the evolution of the ideal body of a women. In the earlier 1900’s full figured women like Marilyn Monroe were considered to be the world’s ideal woman. The basis of this article is to show the change in the media and fashion industry, and how it affected young girls and teens growing up

How I use it: I used the statistics provided to support my rebuttal argument against my thesis. I showed how many young girls who are of average weight believe they are overweight due to the unrealistic bodies that are shown in the media. What these young girls fail to realize is that these magazine use photoshop when editing their photos of these “ideal” women.

2.  “Body Image Men.” RSS 20. Mirror-mirror Org., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015

Background: This article touches base on How male body image is developed, Problems men have with their body image, and how to address the issue. A survey conducted by Psychology Today found that men believe their appearance is much more important to women then women report it is; for instance, men believe if they lose their hair women will not want to date them, even though many women say they are willing to date bald men.

How I used it: I connected it to my thesis, speaking on the use of steroids to promote more muscle in order to feel more attractive to women. Many men feel like a muscular build is what defines their manly hood.

3. Dixon, Patrick. “Steroids – The Truth about Steroids.” Steroids – The Truth about Steroids. Global Change Ltd., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Background: This article speaks on why steroids are so dangerous, what they are medically used for, how and why they are abused, as well as the effects steroids have on the brain. They also show statistics on how many men abuse steroids at a young age.

How I use it: When creating my Causal Argument to support my thesis that poor body image is more psychologically damaging to men rather than women. Men usually turn to steroids in hopes of getting that stronger build they yearn for, without realizing the psychological effects of steroids. Steroids cause paranoia, mood swings, and rage. Those three factors excluding the fact they have an increased and large amount of strength make them a flight risk.

4. Grace, Francie. “Cops: Pro Wrestler Killed Family, Self.” CBSNews. CBS Interactive, 26 June 2007. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Background: Wrestler from WWE, Chris Benoit, killed his wife, son and himself. After cops found the families’ bodies they found Chris’s steroids. They believe that is what sent him over the edge.

How I used It: I used it as support on my point that steroids are dangerous and men who use them because of their body image issues are being even more psychologically damaged than women. Not only do they have this disease of poor body image but their brains are being chemically altered by the same thing they used in hopes of gaining the happiness with themselves.

5. Bennington, Vanessa. “Male Body Image and the Pressure to Use Steroids.Http://breakingmuscle.com/mens-fitness/male-body-image-and-the-pressure-to-use-steroids. Breaking Muscle Manifesto, n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Background: Coach and Trainer Vanessa Bennington uses this article to showcase the men who opened up to her about their body image issues. With their permission of course, she takes us through their stories and what led them to the decision to use steroids. Most of them were athletes of some sorts that constantly compared themselves to the bigger men around them.

How I used It: Although I didn’t use any of stories for my Research Position, I found this article helpful just because of the overall incite  of it. I found more cases of men with poor body image in this article than I did when searching through google.

6. “What Are the Possible Side Effects of Oral Steroids? – Steroids to Treat Arthritis: Side Effects of This Treatment.” MedicineNet. WebMD, n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2015.

Background: This article also touches base on the horrible side effects of steroids. It talks about the differences between oral and injected steroids.

How I used it: When creating my Causal Argument to support my thesis that poor body image is more psychologically damaging to men rather than women. Men usually turn to steroids in hopes of getting that stronger build they yearn for, without realizing the psychological effects of steroids. Steroids cause paranoia, mood swings, and rage. Those three factors excluding the fact they have an increased and large amount of strength make them a flight risk.

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Research Position–ilovenas

From Vogue Magazine, Sports Illustrated to Fitness Magazines, the media captures what they define as beauty or attractive. It’s no secret people tend to idolize these people who are shown in the media. We’ve all been there, seen someone attractive and wondered,” Why can’t I look like that?” But there comes a point where one grows up and accepts the skin they’re in. For some people, it’s just not that easy and they continue to deal with poor body image. Although women’s body image issues are typically discussed more often and accepted more than Men. Society’s view of the ideal body is more psychologically and mentally damaging to men than to women.

Women body image has been a controversy that’s been discussed in the media for years. Many people have lost sight on the fact that a lot of men have problems accepting their appearance due to the standards set through the media as well. Body image is the way one see’s and appreciates their body and appearance. Although it is more common, body image issues are not limited to only women, they’re just usually more willing to acknowledge and speak upon it than Men.

Men are usually raised and taught by society, what I like to call the “ Man up factor”, where they hold back on speaking on their emotions and insecurities. Whereas women are taught to be gentle and more in tune with their emotions. One big difference in Body image between the two genders, most women tend to want to be slimmer, where men tend to want more muscles. Young males growing up who are interested in these fitness magazines start developing the mentality that that’s what a man is suppose to look like, this big hunky “superman”. This mentality becomes an obsession, and in tons of cases becomes very dangerous.

Men, just like women try to think of fast ways that help them attain the body they would like. Women usually turning to dieting or binge eating, men turn to steroids. Although Steroids help, many young men are blind to the fact of there numerous side effects, just to name a few; the weakening of bones and ligaments, acne, high blood pressure, Insomnia, and mood swings.

The key to having a positive body image is being happy with yourself. If someone is not happy with themselves, it is scary the types of measures they’ll take in order to get to this unattainable goal they’ve set. Truth is, if someone has Body image issues whether they’re a man or woman, they will never truly be happy until they learn to accept themselves. Now there’s nothing wrong with one wanting to be a healthier version of them, as long as the measures being taken to obtain that goal is healthy also.

Body image issues in males can be more psychologically and mentally damaging than women for a couple of reasons. As included before, many men turn to steroids in hopes to gain more muscle. One big side effect of these drugs is increased aggression and mood swings, as well as insomnia. Taking into consideration those three things, Men who take steroids become and different person, the drugs themselves are a cause of the damaged psyche, causing these men to act erratically and become a risk to not only themselves, but the people around them.

In “ The Truth About Steroids”, Patrick Dixon writes, “Steroids also affect the brain, and high doses can make people feel happy, euphoric, hyped-up, with disturbance of sleep and even serious psychiatric illness such as mania, very aggressive behavior and psychosis (delusions, paranoia, loss of touch with reality). “ Let’s take a look at a more specific example, everyone has heard of the popular wrestling group WWE, well one of their very own members had a horrible outcome because of Steroids. Chris Benoit strangled his wife and son, before hanging himself. After the autopsy, it was clear the wrestler had been using the drug in order to build and maintain his muscle mass.

Another cause as to why this issue effects the male population more is because it honestly goes unnoticed. Many men don’t feel as comfortable as women, when it comes to expressing their dissatisfaction of their bodies. Men are told being a man is to never show a sign of weakness, therefore a lot of me are reserved when speaking on such an emotion filled topic. Women find it easier to seek guidance from a therapist or counselor of some sort, therefore they have a release and/ or eye opener.

When it comes to men, because they find it harder to speak and open up to another person, they’re less likely to gain help on their body image issues. Which results to them taking extreme measure without anyone knowing. Maybe growing our men and women up equally and drilling it into their heads that it is okay to have feelings can make a difference. Especially for our men, it’s essential when raising their own sons to make them aware that the strongest thing they can do is be aware and accepting of themselves and their emotions.

It is likely that some may argue that Body image has affected women to a higher extent than men. Lets take it back in history, in the early 1900’s to mid 1950’s America was more accepting of full figured women, sex symbol Marilyn Monroe was seen as the ideal women and she was far from today’s “perfect body” expectations. In the late 1900’s is when you really started to see the media and the fashion industry showcase the “ thin boyish look” as the new ideal women. More full figured women vanished the runway and magazines, which later resulted in the epidemic of young teenage girls idolizing this look, which is impossible to obtain. Polls from the National Eating Disorder Association show that 42 percents of 1st -3rd grade girls want to lose weight, and 80% of 10 yr olds are afraid of being fat. According to Teen Magazine, “35 percent of girls ages 6 to 12 have been on at least one diet, and 50 to 70 percent of normal-weight girls think they are overweight.” These young girls grow an addiction and obsession with figuring out ways to get the body they want, from dieting and anorexia to plastic surgery.

The first step to getting over any obsession, addiction and even depression is acceptance! When you accept you have a problem it’s easier for you to open up about it and seek help. Try opening up Google and see how many articles come up on women body image issue verse men body image issues. There are most likely 100 to 1 articles, which right there proves my point. These women who have written or have had articles written about them, have realized and or accepted the fact that they have an issue with the way the see themselves. When it comes to men, they’re more reluctant to get medical help. Meaning they continue to deal with these issues in hiding, their anorexia, Bulimia, or Steroid use is going undetected.

Some will counteract my argument with the question “ well how can one help someone who doesn’t want or seek help?” That’s when I say LET THEM KNOW YOU CARE! Let these men know there are other young men out there dealing with the same issues. Let them know that it is okay to seek help. Let them be brave!

Works Cited

Ross, Carolyn C. “Why Do Women Hate Their Bodies?” World of Psychology. PsychCentral, 2 June 2012. Web. 09 Dec. 2015. 
“Body Image Men.” RSS 20. Mirror-mirror Org., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015
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Self Reflective Statement–ilovenas

Core Value I. My work demonstrates that I used a variety of social and interactive practices that involve recursive stages of exploration, discovery, conceptualization, and development.

I’d be lying if I said throughout the semester I used interactive practices help my development as a writer. Since I’m being honest this semester was one of my lowest points. I didn’t take my writing as serious as I should have. I didn’t even do it at all. Now I’m sitting here trying to piece together a portfolio of a semesters worth of work that I completed within the past few days. I can say that I wish I focused more throughout the semester and turned my assignments in on time, that way my Research Paper wouldn’t be so rushed. I can tell it has a lot of potential, I can tell I have a lot of potential, but better time management, focus, and motivation is all that is needed for it and I to grow.

Core Value II. My work demonstrates that I placed texts into conversation with one another to create meaning by synthesizing ideas from various discourse communities. 

I will say the one thing I am proud about in my Research paper is how well I connected my minor arguments into one. I feel each idea glided right into the next. One thing I realized after reading through it a few time is that it started becoming repetitive. So I started going through it and taking out some of the repetitiveness in order for the flow of my paper to sound a little more natural.

Core Value III. My work demonstrates that I rhetorically analyzed the purpose, audience, and contexts of my own writing and other texts and visual arguments.

Usually when I go through my paper I move at a fast pace. This causes me to overlook many errors, mostly small ones. Believe it or not, many of my past professors paid just as much attention to my mistakes I did. When getting my papers back I’d get maybe a three-sentenced response on why I deserved the grade I had received. Professor Hodges is the only professor I’ve seen so passionate about giving genuine responses to his students. With the few assignments that I really took the time to do, Professor Hodges gave me maybe a page response on how I could get my points across. For example, on my stone money assignment as well as my visual rhetoric essay. He expressed how vague I was being, and stressed the importance of details.

Core Value IV: My work demonstrates that I have met the expectations of academic writing by locating, evaluating, and incorporating illustrations and evidence to support my own ideas and interpretations.

Throughout my visual rhetoric I missed out on including many details, which made it very vague and honestly just overall horrible. Need less to say in my final Visual rhetoric, which is included in my portfolio I tried my best to match the expectations on the amount of detailed required in that assignment.

Core Value V. My work demonstrates that I respect my ethical responsibility to represent complex ideas fairly and to the sources of my information with appropriate citation. 

With each argument and assignment I was sure to include a MLA works cited page. Also, my annotated Bibliography includes all my sources used for every assignment, including the background information for it, and how I use it.

Posted in A14: Reflective Statement, P/ilovenas | 1 Comment

Rebuttal–ilovenas

More Common, Not More Important

It is likely that some may argue that Body image has affected women to a higher extent than men. Lets take it back in history, in the early 1900’s to mid 1950’s America was more accepting of full figured women, sex symbol Marilyn Monroe was seen as the ideal women and she was far from today’s “perfect body” expectations. In the late 1900’s is when you really started to see the media and the fashion industry showcase the “ thin boyish look” as the new ideal women. More full figured women vanished the runway and magazines, which later resulted in the epidemic of young teenage girls idolizing this look, which is impossible to obtain. Polls from the National Eating Disorder Association show that 42 percents of 1st -3rd grade girls want to lose weight, and 80% of 10 yr olds are afraid of being fat. According to Teen Magazine, “35 percent of girls ages 6 to 12 have been on at least one diet, and 50 to 70 percent of normal-weight girls think they are overweight.” These young girls grow an addiction and obsession with figuring out ways to get the body they want, from dieting and anorexia to plastic surgery.

The first step to getting over any obsession, addiction and even depression is acceptance! When you accept you have a problem it’s easier for you to open up about it and seek help. Try opening up Google and see how many articles come up on women body image issue verse men body image issues. There are most likely 100 to 1 articles, which right there proves my point. These women who have written or have had articles written about them, have realized and or accepted the fact that they have an issue with the way the see themselves. When it comes to men, they’re more reluctant to get medical help. Meaning they continue to deal with these issues in hiding, they’re anorexia, Bulimia, or Steroid use is going undetected.

Some will counteract my argument with the question “ well how can one help someone who doesn’t want or seek help?” That’s when I say LET THEM KNOW YOU CARE! Let these men know there are other young men out there dealing with the same issues. Let them know that it is okay to seek help. Let them be brave!

Works Cited

Ross, Carolyn C. “Why Do Women Hate Their Bodies?” World of Psychology. PsychCentral, 2 June 2012. Web. 09 Dec. 2015. 
“Body Image Men.” RSS 20. Mirror-mirror Org., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015
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Research Position- Alivewit55

The Little Planet That Couldn’t

The universe has been questioned and wondered about since the way beginning of mankind, from reading the stars for direction, to Galileo’s many discoveries, to the “Space Race” of the 60’s and 70’s, up to present day with what is the most controversial topic in our entire universe. Pluto’s planetary status has been debated for nearly the past ten years and has caused an outcry from the public since its demotion made back in 2006. The qualities that are used to describe a planet were made clear by the IAU (International Astronomical Union), which has led to even more arguments being made on Pluto’s identity. There is a gray area considering Pluto’s status as a planet because it is such a strange phenomenon to have attained the qualities it has in its position in our solar system. However, due to the lack of cooperation between astronomers and a lack of action being taken, it looks like Pluto will be kept out of our planetary solar system due to some technicalities instituted by the IAU. Pluto will never be renamed a planet because there is nothing for the expert scientific community to gain from its reassignment to the status of being a planet.

The problem with Pluto is that is such a difficult object to categorize in our solar system. It is not a star because a star is a fixed object in space. It is not a meteor because a meteor is a small body of matter in outer space that enter’s a planet’s atmosphere. So then that means Pluto is a planet; a planet is a celestial body moving in an elliptical orbit around a star. Before 2006, this was considered to be a verified description of a planet. But with modern-day discoveries, advances in technology and new celestial bodies and objects being found, a new definition needed to be created. In comes the IAU’s definition of what a planet is.

First, a planet must orbit the sun (a star). Pluto does orbit the sun even though it takes longer for a full cycle than any other planet in the solar system, cross that quality out. Second, a planet must be round. Pluto does have enough atmospheric pressure that creates its spherical properties, check off that requirement. The third and final requirement is that a planet must “clear its neighborhood” of orbit, oh no there is the exception. Pluto is a member of the Kuiper Belt in our solar system, which includes many celestial bodies that share its characteristics. Of course due to this amended definition, Pluto was removed from its status as a planet and demoted to dwarf planet.

The aforementioned guidelines set by the IAU seem pretty straightforward, and were accepted in Pluto’s demotion from planetary status. But that does not mean the conversation about Pluto ended there. There were many controversial arguments created based on these guidelines that contradict the IAU’s guidelines.

The first two statements have very rarely been argued as being unfair requirements for a planet. It must orbit the sun, and it must contain enough pressure to develop a spherical shape. These qualities are widely agreed upon to describe a planet, and if the guidelines ended there, there would be no further discussion on Pluto’s status. However, the third guideline creates the most anguish about the topic because it is such a gray area. The IAU made this guideline for the ruling of Pluto’s status and it seems that it is unfair to be a true guideline. Pluto is a part of the Kuiper Belt which contains many celestial bodies that are relatively near in size and mass to Pluto. Due to Pluto’s place in the belt, the IAU created the “clear the neighborhood” clause to demote Pluto of any planetary status. It is true that none of the other eight planets are a part of any belt or are comparable in size to any bodies orbiting the sun, but Pluto is the only one that fits into this category. It is safe to say that the IAU created this third and final guideline to exclude Pluto from being a planet, and this quality alone is the lone reason why Pluto will not regain its planetary status until an amendment is made. However, when the New Horizons spacecraft finally made it to Pluto, it provided new information that stirred up the public and demanded Pluto’s status be reconsidered.

After NASA’s flyby of Pluto took place, the astronomical community went absolutely bonkers about the achievement and new arguments were thusly created. It is an unbelievable accomplishment that mankind was able to create a spacecraft that could travel three billion miles over nine years, reach its destination, and transmit back evidence that provides new insight on to what Pluto actually looks like and contains. This incredible discovery led to the finding that Pluto contains mountains that reach nearly 11,000 feet, the surface is covered in methane ice, and contains many regions that were previously unknown to scientific knowledge. Due to this discovery, an uproar arose demanding that Pluto be reclassified as a planet. This statement is preposterous because according to the guidelines set by the IAU on planetary qualifications, geophysical qualities are not considered at all. To rename Pluto a planet would create a huge problem for the IAU based on the qualifications they set simply banning Pluto from being a planet in the first place.

Jamie Wisniewski, a writer for ECN magazine, states that allowing Pluto to become a planet again based on its “geophysical properties” would be a pitfall for the scientific community. If Pluto is renamed a planet due to its properties, then that would add cause for many more floating celestial bodies that share Pluto’s likeness, mass, and location to be considered planets as well.

BBC news writer Paul Rincon brought up the point that there was a time when the planet count in our solar system could increase from nine to twelve, because of Pluto’s characteristics. Eris and Ceres which are very similar in size and mass to Pluto would be named planets along with Pluto because of their shared characteristics, along with Charon, Pluto’s moon, which would be labeled a twin planet along with Pluto. Instead of increasing our planet count to twelve, the IAU decided in 2006 to name Pluto a dwarf planet, removing it from the exclusive list and making the list shortened to eight. This was established by the IAU’s guideline that a planet must “clear its neighborhood”, and allowing the four of these bodies to enter planetary status would be an abomination to astronomical theory of what a planet should be. Due to this establishment, Pluto and the others were disallowed from planetary contention.

Fraser Cain of universetoday.com made a very bold prediction in the article he wrote on Pluto before the New Horizons spacecraft arrived at Pluto to take its surveillance of the dwarf planet. “Space enthusiasts will marvel at the beauty and remoteness of Pluto, and the painful deplaneting memories will fade.” It is incredible how false this prediction was now that the demands for Pluto’s reinstatement as a planet have reached a new high due to the photos taken and discoveries made. At the time it was a perfectly plausible statement, but only because there had been such a lack of new evidence about Pluto that could reignite the flame that was its planetary status.

After years of back and forth between pro-planet advocates and their adversaries, there is only one clear piece of evidence that proves that Pluto will never again be officially named a planet. In August of 2006, the IAU met in Prague to finally come to a verdict on the status of Pluto. Over 2,700 astronomers attended the ten day conference, but that number was not the same on the last day of it. On the final day of the conference, when the vote for Pluto’s planetary status was cast, 424 astronomers were all that was left to input their votes on the matter. That’s right, less that 15% of astronomers who attended the conference actually voted on Pluto’s status. Overall, less than 5% of the world’s astronomers voted on Pluto’s status, and you do not have to be a statistician to see how outrageous that is. The simple fact that 85% of astronomers in attendance for the conference left before the vote for Pluto ever took place shows how little the majority of the astronomical community actually cares about the debate.

There is always the possibility that the result could have been different if all 2,700+ astronomers were there or even if every astronomer in the world was there to vote, but that is not the case. Of the 424 astronomers that voted, the majority won the vote and demoted Pluto from planetary status. That was nearly ten years ago, if there was a real concern about Pluto’s identity with only 5% of the world’s astronomers voicing their opinions on it then the situation would have been ended a long time ago. There has never been a big fuss created by the fact that so few astronomers voted on Pluto, but if it is such a huge crisis then why hasn’t another conferenced been called? The answer is simple: no astronomers care enough to bring up the Pluto discussion again because their is nothing for them to gain.

In researching what an astronomer’s goals are I stumbled upon a rather interesting excerpt from the IAU website. “…perhaps the most important contribution is still the fact that astronomy makes us aware of how we fit into the vast Universe.” Connecting this to the previous paragraph, it is a fair assumption to relate why astronomer’s do not have anything to gain from Pluto’s planetary status to the quote I have implemented here. The most important contribution astronomers have to offer is how we fit into the universe, not how Pluto fits into the universe. The astronomers of the world are way past Pluto and whatever it has to do with us. It has such a minute connection to us that no astronomer would fight to have it reinstated as a planet. The public would love to have Pluto named a planet again, but astronomers have many other questions and discoveries on their mind much greater than little old Pluto.

While Pluto is one of the most beloved celestial bodies in our solar system, there is nothing that the public can do to create a new argument that will provoke the IAU to revise its ruling on Pluto’s planetary status. The guidelines the IAU created are not the strongest but they are effective enough for now unless Pluto somehow breaks free from the Kuiper Belt. Even though we now have seen Pluto’s surface and its features it does not have distinguishable qualities than that of those in its belt that resemble its size and mass. In conclusion, unfortunately for any supporters of Pluto, astronomers will not pursue Pluto’s reinstatement as a planet until new evidence is found changing the pre-existing facts known about the dwarf planet. The solar system and universe is full of planets and celestial bodies and stars and meteors, but Pluto will no longer be a part of the exclusive club that are planets in  our solar system. If one day it is, I will tip my cap to that glorious planet, and say “Way to fight little buddy. You are the little planet that could.”

Works Cited

Why Is Pluto No Longer A Planet? Rincon, Paul. “Why Is Pluto No Longer a Planet?”BBC News. N.p., 13 July 2015. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Why Pluto Is No Longer A Planet Cain, Fraser. “Why Pluto Is No Longer a Planet.”Universe Today. N.p., 05 Jan. 2012. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Pluto Should Not Be Renamed A Planet Wisniewski, Jamie. “Pluto Shouldn’t Be Renamed a Planet Just Because of Nasa’s Flyby.” Electronic Component News. N.p., 17 July 2015. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Pluto Demoted Britt, Robert Roy. “Pluto Demoted: No Longer a Planet in Highly Controversial Definition | Space.com.” Space.com. N.p., 24 Aug. 2006. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Astronomy In Everyday Life Rosenberg, Marissa, Pedro Russo, Georgia Bladon, and Lars Lindberg Christensen. “International Astronomical Union | IAU.” Astronomy in Everyday Life. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

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causal rewrite

One of the most addicted drug heroin targets many innocent  peoples live. A city called Vancouver in Canada has high percentages of the drug abusers, that the government had came up with idea of  opening Insite facility. These facility ran by medical practitioners allow any drug addict to walk in and shoot heroin legally for free. This is referred as harm  reduction program but  it really doesn’t do any good than  does harm. The use of heroine by patients must be eliminated to prevent further harm to patients health and help in keeping moral ethics.

First of all, having Insite open will cause people to distrust rehab facility and give into Insite facilities. About 5000 of the people re intravenous drug users in which most of them are far less addicted. Insite center encourages addict to get more of the drug and nor completely to go clean by stopping the use if this very harmful drug. The government funds about 3 million dollars towards Insite center in providing with sterilized equipment and much more. If the government uses this funds to find safer treatment  or find alternative to this problem then it would save lives and stop the harm. People won’t come back over and over again in hopes for more heroin.

Having such a treatment method it will only cause detrimental affect on the patients health. In 2013, 308 people died in British Columbia due to illicit drug overdoses. Overall the main reason behind buildup of Insite program was to prevent suicide or crimes in the city. But is it really much simple as it appear? People and kids on the street feel very unsafe with drug addicts around. As more people go to Insite clinics, the more networking of drug dealers will take place. This can be a way for drug addicts ti get drugs from each other and then disturb people in the community

workcited

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/british-columbia/the-arguments-for-and-against-vancouvers-supervised-injection-site/article596153/

http://themetropolitain.ca/articles/view/229

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Definition Rewrite- Alivewit55

The problem with Pluto is that is such a difficult object to categorize in our solar system. It is not a star because a star is a fixed object in space. It is not a meteor because a meteor is a small body of matter in outer space that enter’s a planets atmosphere. So then that means Pluto is a planet; a planet is a celestial body moving in an elliptical orbit around a star. Before 2006, this was considered to be a verified description of a planet. But with modern-day discoveries, advances in technology and new celestial bodies and objects being found, a new definition needed to be created. In comes the IAU’s definition of what a planet is.

First, a planet must orbit the sun (a star). Pluto does orbit the sun even though it takes longer for a full cycle than any other planet in the solar system, cross that quality out. Second, a planet must be round. Pluto does have enough atmospheric pressure that creates its spherical properties, check off that requirement. The third and final requirement is that a planet must “clear its neighborhood” of orbit, oh no there is the exception. Pluto is a member of the Kuiper Belt in our solar system, which includes many celestial bodies that share its characteristics. Of course due to this amended definition, Pluto was removed from its status as a planet and demoted to dwarf planet.

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Self-Reflective Statement- Alivewit55

Core Value I. My work demonstrates that I used a variety of social and interactive practices that involve recursive stages of exploration, discovery, conceptualization, and development.

I believe I met this goal in the first half of the semester exceedingly because of my punctuality in terms of getting my assignments in on time, my appreciation of any critique that I received on any pieces I wrote, and my attentiveness in classroom discussions that allowed me to use what was talked about in class and incorporate any styles mentioned into my writing. Unfortunately in the second half of the semester, I do not feel that I met these standards due to a few reasons. A few unfortunate events had partaken over the last couple months that did not allow me to focus completely on my work in any class, especially this one. My late submissions and my failure to complete assignments are direct results of said experiences. I definitely could have handled the situations better, however, I made the most of this last ditch effort to create a valuable portfolio to represent the grade I believe I deserve in this class.

Core Value II. My work demonstrates that I placed texts into conversation with one another to create meaning by synthesizing ideas from various discourse communities. 

I do believe that I met the requirements for Core Value II because I believe one of my strengths as a writer is being able to string various thoughts and sources together to create a working, concise, and precise argument. My final portfolio consists of evidence of my ability to bring ideas together to create valid arguments. This is an accomplishment because there is such a gray area with my topic and by only looking deep into the research is one able to find the true cause for all the distress in the community I write about.

Core Value III. My work demonstrates that I rhetorically analyzed the purpose, audience, and contexts of my own writing and other texts and visual arguments.

In my writing, I specifically make a point to talk to my audience and not down to them. As a reader I know that it is much more effective when reading something to fluently read and not be interrupted with a definition or description unless it is absolutely necessary in the piece. I take into account my thoughts as a reader when I am writing, because I know that is how most readers want their experience to be.

Core Value IV: My work demonstrates that I have met the expectations of academic writing by locating, evaluating, and incorporating illustrations and evidence to support my own ideas and interpretations.

In my Research paper, I compiled facts and varying arguments that both support my position as well as oppose my position, as to have no stone about my argument left unturned. Any opinions entered into the piece were intended to provide a personal touch to the writing, rather than my paper be just another factoid-filled bore of a read.

Core Value V. My work demonstrates that I respect my ethical responsibility to represent complex ideas fairly and to the sources of my information with appropriate citation. 

I absolutely take pride in my ability to find sources of all kinds and provide proper documentation in giving the credit of their opinions/factual information completely to them. Using their statements as an assistant to increase the validity and strength of my argument is very important, because it allows me some solid ground to stand on and fight bak against any counterarguments.

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Rebuttal Rewrite- Alivewit55

After NASA’s flyby of Pluto took place, the astronomical community went absolutely bonkers about the achievement and new arguments were thusly created. It is an unbelievable accomplishment that mankind was able to create a spacecraft that could travel three billion miles over nine years, reach its destination, and transmit back evidence that provides new insight on to what Pluto actually looks like and contains. This incredible discovery led to the finding that Pluto contains mountains that reach nearly 11,000 feet, the surface is covered in methane ice, and contains many regions that were previously unknown to scientific knowledge. Due to this discovery, an uproar arose demanding that Pluto be reclassified as a planet. This statement is preposterous because according to the guidelines set by the IAU on planetary qualifications, geophysical qualities are not considered at all. To rename Pluto a planet would create a huge problem for the IAU based on the qualifications they set simply banning Pluto from being a planet in the first place.

Jamie Wisniewski, a writer for ECN magazine, states that allowing Pluto to become a planet again based on its “geophysical properties” would be a pitfall for the scientific community. If Pluto is renamed a planet due to its properties, then that would add cause for many more floating celestial bodies that share Pluto’s likeness, mass, and location to be considered planets as well.

BBC news writer Paul Rincon brought up the point that there was a time when the planet count in our solar system could increase from nine to twelve, because of Pluto’s characteristics. Eris and Ceres which are very similar in size and mass to Pluto would be named planets along with Pluto because of their shared characteristics, along with Charon, Pluto’s moon, which would be labeled a twin planet along with Pluto. Instead of increasing our planet count to twelve, the IAU decided in 2006 to name Pluto a dwarf planet, removing it from the exclusive list and making the list shortened to eight. This was established by the IAU’s guideline that a planet must “clear its neighborhood”, and allowing the four of these bodies to enter planetary status would be an abomination to astronomical theory of what a planet should be. Due to this establishment, Pluto and the others were disallowed from planetary contention.

Fraser Cain of universetoday.com made a very bold prediction in the article he wrote on Pluto before the New Horizons spacecraft arrived at Pluto to take its surveillance of the dwarf planet. “Space enthusiasts will marvel at the beauty and remoteness of Pluto, and the painful deplaneting memories will fade.” It is incredible how false this prediction was now that the demands for Pluto’s reinstatement as a planet have reached a new high due to the photos taken and discoveries made. At the time it was a perfectly plausible statement, but only because there had been such a lack of new evidence about Pluto that could reignite the flame that was its planetary status.

Works Cited

Pluto Should Not Be Renamed A Planet Wisniewski, Jamie. “Pluto Shouldn’t Be Renamed a Planet Just Because of Nasa’s Flyby.” Electronic Component News. N.p., 17 July 2015. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Why Is Pluto No Longer A Planet? Rincon, Paul. “Why Is Pluto No Longer a Planet?”BBC News. N.p., 13 July 2015. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

Why Pluto Is No Longer A Planet Cain, Fraser. “Why Pluto Is No Longer a Planet.”Universe Today. N.p., 05 Jan. 2012. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.

 

 

Posted in A12: Rebuttal Rewrite, P/alivewit55, You Forgot to Categorize! | Leave a comment