Bibliography – marinebio18

Annotated Bibliography

Korneliussen, Ida. “Can Wild Animals Have Mental Illness?ScienceNordic. N.p., 24 June 2015. Web. 2 Nov. 2015.

Background: This article is about how humans are to blame for the unusual behavior. The author talks about how having animals in captivity presents animals with problems they cannot solve because they are contained. The author talks about animals obtaining compulsive actions. This article talks about foraging behaviors also.

How I used it: This article provided me with the information on why wild animals can express abnormal behaviors. I used this article to argue that it is unethical to hold animals in zoos because it causes abnormal behavior. The reason that the animals express such abnormal behaviors is due to the fact that they can’t explore like they did in the wild.

CFHS | Marine Mammals in Captivity.” RSS. Canadian Federation of Human Societies, n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2015.

Background: This article talks specifically about marine mammals in captivity. The article focuses on killer whales and compares their captive life versus their wild life. This article shows the consequences of marine life in tanks both physically and mentally.

How I used it: I used this article to demonstrate that no exhibit will ever be good enough for an animal to function regularly, especially marine mammals like killer whales. I used the information presented in the article about how far killer whales swim versus the amount they can swim in their tanks.

Background: This article talks about the abnormal behavior expressed in chimps that are captive versus wild chimps. This article also hints on the argument that zoos are an educational experiences. The article states that some of the animals at zoos have mental illness and they express it inside the exhibit.
How I used it: This article educated me on behaviors of chimps in captivity. I used this to argue that the exhibits animals reside in can make them go crazy. Captive animals are almost like human prisoners who are sentenced for life.

Zoos: An Idea Whose Time Has Come and Gone.” People For the Ethical Treatment Of Animals. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2015.

Background: This article goes through a short history of how zoos have evolved over time. This article talks about the debate on whether zoo trips are educational. The article points out why animals are drove crazy and how they are exploited.

How I Used It: The information in this article caused me to argue that it is pointless to have people visit zoos as an educational experience because most people spend little to no time actually observing these animals. People can’t learn about an animal and how it functions in only a few seconds.

 “Zoos Neither Educate nor Empower Children, Newly Published Research Suggest.” Captive Animals’ Protection Society. N.p., 24 Sept. 2014. Web. 25 Oct. 2015.

Background: This article talks about newly published research about whether or not zoo trips are educational or not. The researchers studied children’s experience with zoos. The researchers main argument is that children’s minds don’t change after going to see wild animals in a zoo.

How I used it: I used this article to show that there are so many distractions at a zoo that children don’t learn little to nothing about any of the animals that the examine. There are more non-related listed things on a zoo map that don’t have to do with the animals. I used this to argue that the zoo trips that elementary schools take are not educational.

Lombardi, Linda. “Animals Saved From Extinction By Zoos.” Vetstreet. Web. 8 Nov. 2015.

Background: This article speaks about eight different zoos that have helped wild animals from extinction. The article explains the benefits of captivity when an animal is endangered or sick. The article suggest that animals can be taken  in to breed and expand their population.

How I used it: The article brought to my attention that there is zoos around the world and the United States that focus on helping endangered species. I used it to show that sometimes animals can benefit from being brought into captivity. I also used it to show that without people’s help some animals may not be on the earth anymore.
Conde DA, Colchero F, Gusset M, Pearce-Kelly P, Byers O, Flesness N, et al. (2013) Zoos through the Lens of the IUCN Red List: A Global Metapopulation Approach to Support Conservation Breeding Programs. PLoS ONE 8(12): e80311.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0080311.
Background: This article talks about breeding programs to help rebuild populations of endangered species. The article states that a high number of animals in zoos need to be helped to survive.
How I Used it: This article provided a different angle about keeping wild animals in captivity. I used it to argue that zoos can be a good thing for animals. The more times the animal mates the larger the population grows. The information proposed can be argued to be the next step to saving endangered species.
More Tigers in American Backyards than in the Wild.” WWF. N.p., 29 July 2014. Web.
Background: The main point of the article is that there are more tigers in captivity than in the wild. The article also talks about laws involving having tigers as pets or in captivity and how handling wild tigers is dangerous both for the owner and the tiger.
How I Used it: I used to source as an opening. It is a very startling article because many people don’t realize that there are more of certain species in captivity than there is in the wild. I used information from this article to start my paper so that readers realize that having animals in zoos are a problem.
Keeping Animals in Zoos in Unethical.” Point Counterpoint. Science Reporter, Aug. 2010. Web.
Background: This article includes different people’s views on whether or not it is ethical to have wild animals in zoos. Majority of the people that are included in this article bring up the issues that animals face physically and mentally, while some focus on the genetic interruptions that taking wild animals  has.
How I used it: I used this article to show that there is a debate on if zoos are ethical and the different view points. The article educated me about genetic problems that wild animals are put in when they are taken from their natural homes. I used this for examples of how genetics are affected because of captivity. Captivity can harm species that aren’t endangered.
Grech, Kali S. “Overview of the Laws Affecting Zoos.” Animal Legal and Historical Center. N.p., 2004. Web.
Background: This article gives an overview of the laws that zoos are required to follow when holding wild animals in captivity. The article explains that each set has laws regarding animal cruelty. There are numerous laws regarding different aspects of holding animals in captivity.
How I used it: I used it to demonstrate how difficult is is to hold animals in captivity because there are so many laws affecting how animal can be treated, sold or held in. There are double laws in each state that halt animal owners from treating an animal a certain way.
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