Summaries- Belldere

It seems counterintuitive that learning begins in the womb and that some of the most important learning we do happens before we’re born. Though it might sound strange this theory is backed up. For example they learn the sound of their mothers’ voices. Babies once born prefer to listen to their mothers’ voice. They also begin to learn language while listening to things around them inside the womb.

Another thing babies learn in the womb is taste and smell. When the mother eats something the baby can taste it and they will remember it once born. This shows that fetus’s are constantly being taught by their mothers’ about what is safe and good to eat along with their culture. They learn critical survival skills may it may not seem like that.

Annie continues to go into details about how little things in life while pregnant can affect the baby’s health in the long run for both good and bad. An example would be how she talks about passing down PTSD to her child. If the child is born with this it will make them aware of their surroundings or a quick trigger to danger. But with something like this, it could save a child’s life.

Essentially mothers’ are giving their child a pre-warning to the world they are about to enter. And we make sure that our child is prepared to come into the real world whether we know we’re doing it or not.

It seems counterintuitive that you would fix the bullet holes on a plane arriving back from war. But this is indeed false. As Abraham Wald explained, you want to improve the areas on the returning plane that was least hit because the planes not coming back were most likely hit there. And if the planes aren’t coming back we will never see where those planes were hit. Causing those spots to be a crucial spot on a plane.

In the article they then jump kind of off topic and talk about students and the work they do. If a student did poorly and was “chewed out,” the next time the student did something, he would improve. If you praise a student, then the next time they won’t do as good.

They relate this to people going to the doctors. A lot of the times we don’t wait to go to the doctors until our sickness is really bad. With that being said, maybe you’re sickness is at its lowest and all it can do is go up now. When you go to the doctors it might not be what the doctor did that made you get better, it could be the fact that if you just waited a little bit longer you were going to get better.

It seems counterintuitive that someone would not take so many pictures of elderly animals. That maybe after a certain point it was weird to have so many pictures. But to Isa Leshko it was normal and to her it was like therapy to take these pictures which then turned into a project.

Isa talks about her family and how she is now taking care of both her parents. Shes a photographer and while with her family she decided she was not going to take pictures of her parents. While in New Jersey, she visited relatives. They had an old horse on the property which caught Isa’s attention. This is what triggered her to take pictures of elderly animals.

She talks about fighting back tears when taking pictures of the rooster because of how badly he was in shape. To me seems like it reminded her of her parents. Also when taking these pictures, the care givers found a lot of comfort in the images particularly after the animals have past. Isa talks about looking at the animals ageing and mortality and how that’s not an easy subject. These pictures help Isa find meaning in joy and life and face the physical limitations and challenges.

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3 Responses to Summaries- Belldere

  1. davidbdale says:

    1. Belldere, the pre-warning theme you end with is your best observation. If you want this summary to shine, drop or alter any evidence that doesn’t support the idea that pregnancy prepares fetuses for dangers they will encounter. In such a summary, the topic of PTSD will be very tricky, and rich. PTSD sufferers are SO aware of danger they qualify as psychotic. How useful is that to the newborn? (Isn’t a warning always “pre”?)
    2. You don’t appear to be arguing anything in particular here, Belldere. The purpose of the exercise is for you to not merely summarize, but summarize in service of an argument . . . your argument. The best evidence that you’re not doing so is your observation in P2 that “they jump off topic.” Pay less attention (NO attention) to the techniques of the original author. USE the material he provides to pursue your own argument.
    3. This summary does even less of the work it should do, Belldere. Refrain from telling us the details of what the author did, thought, and said. Write two or three paragraphs of your own observations about aging pets and parents, proposing and proving a simple thesis of your own, using brief summaries of the article you read to support your own argument.

    For guidance, read the articles linked to the Assignment post and their corresponding summaries. Notice that the author of those summaries does not attempt to help the reader fully understand the original articles. Those articles are irrelevant to the new author’s purpose, which is to develop a new thesis.


  2. belldere says:

    I am clearly not good at making an argument. I do not see an argument in these videos or articles I watched/read. The only one I saw was about the planes and how to me it seemed they jumped off topic. That is about as much as an argument that I can do. For all the others I simply don’t see anything…


    • davidbdale says:

      You’re misunderstanding the assignment, belldere. Imagine you were writing an essay to prove a point. That’s an argument by definition: you’re trying to convince a reader of something new; the reader will resist believing you unless you’re persuasive and offer evidence.

      Now imagine the articles you’re reading are related to the thesis you’re trying to prove in your essay. They provide you evidence whether they make arguments themselves or not. When you refer to them in your essay, you have no obligation to describe them in detail to your readers or to be thorough about everything they contain. The value of the articles is that they help you prove your point.

      You report only what matters to your argument in those articles. And when you share what’s important, you present the material in the way that best supports your argument.

      If I’m writing an article about how children born into different cultures are born with a preference for certain flavors or levels of spiciness, the only part of Annie Murphy Paul’s presentation that I will bother to share is that children prefer flavors they’ve experienced in the womb through the mother’s own body.

      Does that help?


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